|Title||Income distribution dynamics among Italian provinces. The role of Bank Foundations|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Calcagnini G., Perugini F.|
|Keywords||banking, convergence, income distribution, Italy|
This paper investigates the convergence process and the distribution dynamics of income among Italian NUTS-3 provinces between 2003 and 2011. Findings show the existence of multiple steady-state equilibria which is consistent with the well-documented persistence in income disparities among Italian provinces. The role of grant-making activities by Bank Foundations is assessed on a conditioning scheme. Results suggest that Bank Foundations can affect the shape of the distribution of income and, in the long run, reduce polarization with a tendency for income to collapse towards a unimodal distribution. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.